Is the elderly hearing loss?

Patients with hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and poor liver and kidney function may have certain harm to hearing if the underlying disease is not well controlled.

Senile deafness is a normal physiological phenomenon. There are many reasons for affecting the hearing health of the elderly, and age is the most important factor. As you age, the related functions of the auditory system will decline. In general, 60%-40% of people older than 50 will have a certain degree of hearing loss; by 70, the proportion will increase by 10%; by 100, at least 90% will experience hearing loss. In addition to age, there are several reasons that affect the hearing of the elderly:

Older hearing loss

1. Poor management of chronic diseases: Patients with hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and poor liver and kidney function may have certain harm to hearing if the underlying disease is not well controlled.

2. Ototoxic drugs: Many drugs can cause certain damage to hearing while treating diseases, including aminoglycoside antibiotics (gentamicin, streptomycin, caramycin) and some anti-tumor drugs (carboplatin) , cisplatin) and some diuretic drugs.

3. Noise: The effect of noise on hearing cannot be underestimated. There are many sources of noise, and if you don’t pay attention, the noise will damage your hearing unconsciously. If you are inevitably exposed to noise, you must try your best to protect yourself. In addition to chronic, chronic hearing damage, noise can cause acute damage. When engaging in activities such as shooting, if you do not do noise protection in advance, it may cause sudden deafness. Hearing aid

4. Poor living habits: The most common is wearing headphones for a long time, the sound is very loud, and even people sleep with headphones. In addition, excessive day and night, irregular life, excessive alcohol and tobacco, etc., will affect the physical state including hearing.

The decline in hearing in the elderly is mainly due to degenerative changes in the auditory nervous system, which is the place where senile deafness is different from hearing impairment in other age groups. The human auditory nerve is like a telephone line. There are a lot of fibers in it. The outer fiber is wrapped around a layer of myelin. As the age increases, the myelin sheath will be damaged and lost (ie, demyelinated). This change will lead to poor synchrony of auditory nerve activity. After the sound signal is converted into an electrical signal, the auditory nerve cannot simultaneously transmit electrical signals, resulting in hearing loss.

Senile deafness has the following characteristics:

1. Only hears its voice, doesn’t understand its meaning, and always talks: This is the biggest feature of senile deafness. The old man can hear the sound and know that someone is talking, but the ability to understand the language is not strong, can’t understand, Therefore, it is required to say that the second and third times, the speech is always snoring, seriously affecting communication with others.

2. The sound is too small to hear, and the sound is loud and irritating: Because senile deafness is neurotic, the hearing tolerance threshold of the elderly with hearing impairment will change, which is very different from normal people, and the sound is small. If the threshold is not reached, it will not be heard. If the sound reaches or exceeds the threshold, it will not be tolerated and it will be very noisy.

3. Allergies to individual sounds: Some people who are sounding normal feel good, but old people are more sensitive and uncomfortable, so they often don’t like the noisy environment and prefer a quieter environment.

Many elderly patients with deafness have a manifestation of hearing loss. They are not treated in time and cannot receive effective hearing compensation. In the long run, they will have a serious impact on physical and mental health. Because I can’t always hear and can’t understand what others are saying, when I’m communicating, I’m always afraid of being laughed at, making troubles for others, and slowly reluctant to communicate with others, shutting myself up and becoming lonely, or It is anxious, irritating, likes to temper tantrums, and is prone to conflicts with family members. The proportion of people with hearing impairment who suffer from Alzheimer’s disease is significantly higher than that of people with normal hearing.

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REF: Hearing AidsITE hearing aidsDigital Hearing Aids
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