The ear is a very important organ in the human physiological system, including the outer ear, the middle ear and the inner ear. Any part of the ear is damaged, which may cause hearing impairment, which will greatly affect the work, life and spirit of the patient. Or even lifelong pain.
Therefore, it is of great significance to pay attention to the health of the ear, to understand the common sense of hearing health, to prevent the occurrence of ear disease and to maintain normal hearing.
In the last issue, we talked about the little knowledge about external ear health.
In this issue, let’s talk about the middle ear health knowledge.
The middle ear includes the tympanic cavity, the eustachian tube, the sinus sinus and the mastoid.
Active anti-infective and symptomatic treatment. Timely treatment of acute upper respiratory tract infections, chronic rhinitis and other symptoms, pay attention to maintain oral, nasal and pharyngeal hygiene, especially infants and young children.
In the case of infants in bed, the body position should be changed from time to time to prevent secretions from accumulating in the rhinitis cavity.
Train the correct nose. Use your fingers to block one side of the nostrils first, and the other side of the nasal cavity to remove the secretions, and then so on the other side. Do not pinch the left and right nostrils at the same time, so as not to drive the secretions in the nasal cavity into the middle ear cavity to cause otitis media.
Keep the eustachian tube usually, the eustachian tube stenosis should be treated in time.
Actively exercise, strengthen nutrition, enhance physical fitness, and prevent upper respiratory tract infections.
Prevent infection of the external auditory canal into the middle ear.
Repeat the mouth and swallowing when you are flying, or chew a few dried fruits or chewing gum. It can reduce the occurrence of otitis media with air pressure damage. Those with eustachian tube dysfunction should not take an airplane.
07When swimming and diving, you should master the correct posture to prevent the tympanic membrane from perforating due to changes in air pressure.
08When diving, if you feel uncomfortable in the ear canal, apply your hand to pinch your nose and force it into the nasal cavity. If the pain is unbearable, it should rise immediately.
Avoid head trauma. Some head injuries can cause hearing loss.
When feeding the baby, pay attention to the head position should not be too low, to avoid the milk into the middle ear, causing otitis media.