Pediatric growth and development throughout the child’s period, until the youth. In the process of growth and development, the surface is an individual that grows and matures, and it contains many complicated phenomena and changes. The growth and development of children are both continuous and uneven; the development of various system organs is not balanced and coordinated; growth and development follow both general rules and individual differences.
Action: Irregular and uncoordinated action,2I can look up after a month, but I can’t control my head and neck very well.
Intelligence: Can not watch, can smile, care for people only through crying, laughing to understand the baby’s expression.
Hearing: Children are not very sensitive to sound when they are born, right50-60dB(A)The voice of the child can be expressed as the eyes open, the whole body shaking, the fists in both hands, the forearm flexion(MoroReflection)There is a shocking response to loud voices. about3In the month of the month, the child can distinguish the sounds from different directions and turn to the sound source. Focus on the familiar person’s speech, and use the smile to accept the adult’s speech to him. The mother’s voice is more acceptable than the stranger’s voice.
Language: The stage of unconscious communication, screaming of hunger, anger, pain, crying,2After a month, I can make a harmonious throat sound and screaming sound, and make a “squeaky” sound to adults.
Action: Hold the hips to sit, hands can hold the toy, neck control is better, close6You can sit alone for a while in the month.
Intelligence: grasping the objects in front of you, you can know acquaintances and strangers, and express them through eyes and attention.
Hearing: for the ear60 cmOf35–40 dB (A)The lighter voice makes a continuous and credible response, hearing the mother’s voice stop moving, the head turns to the sound source, for different(Friendly, angry)The tone responds differently.
Language: The stage of conscious communication. Loudly laughing, can mutter a monotonous syllable,7In the month, you can make a polyphony such as “Dad” and “Mom”.
Action: Clap your hands, sit still, sit up and lie down and stand on your own;1I can walk alone and pick up things.
Intelligence: Pay attention to the behavior of adults, imitate the movements of adults, and have a magnificent distinction between people and things.
Hearing: The ability to locate sounds is significantly improved, and the lighter and meaningful sounds can show interest, and the voices in the sound field also begin to respond. For example, repeated light gives a meaningless sound, and the baby can become bored. And can control and regulate their own reactions. Respond to the name and “no”; identify some phrases in the game(Such as “How big is the doll?”)Identify words commonly used in everyday life(If you shake your hand, say “goodbye”).
Language: One-way stage. Imitate the simple syllables sent by adults, can understand a few more complex words and phrases, and can call out the names of simple items, begin to understand some meanings, use words to combine gestures and environment to communicate. If you repeat the question to the child and ask the dog again, the child will turn to look at the dog. At this time, the child has been able to establish a connection between the word and the object after repeated stimulation by the adult.
Action: Go well, play, climb steps, jump on both feet, and move your hands more accurately. You will eat with a spoon.
Intelligence: It can express consent and disagreement, it will mean that it will be able to perform simple actions.
Hearing: Can understand simple instructions, such as repeated lighter meaningless sounds, children can become bored, and the ability to control and adjust their reactions is enhanced.
Language: The stage of word combination. Can tell a few questions and their own names, can understand the various parts of the body, understand the core vocabulary, will say2~3The sentence consisting of words, the sentence is very simple at the beginning, can not talk about the rules of the sentence, but children can use sentences to express their meaning. In the future, the structure of sentences is more and more complicated, the words are more and more, and the content of expression is more and more abundant.
Action: You can run, ride a tricycle, climb a ladder, jump on one leg, tie your shoes, and participate in simple labor, such as sweeping the floor and wiping the table.
Intelligence: I can recognize the East Fourth on the painting, can draw portraits, and can distinguish colors.
Hearing: The instructions can be followed, but the instructions need to be short and simple.
Language: Early stage of making sentences. The ability to understand more than the description, will say short songs, count, can sing, start literacy.5Over the age of more than the stage of developing a complete language regulation. Develop linguistic systems through grammatical structures and semantics to develop reading and writing skills.
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