Which medicines may affect the health of children?
1Streptomycin, kanamycin, gentamicin, etc. may damage the auditory nerve of children and cause deafness.
2, polymyxin, norepinephrine can cause kidney damage in children.
3Metoclopramide can cause brain damage in some children.
4Drugs such as tetracycline and norfloxacin can affect the development of teeth and bones in young children.
5, cold and can cause children’s hematuria;(Naphthyloxazoline)Can cause child poisoning and so on.
(Content source: Official website of the State Food and Drug Administration)
“These kinds of antipyretics are strictly forbidden to eat for your baby!”
An Nai is a former “King of Antipyretic”. In all antipyretics, it is fast and cheap.
However, An Nai has a huge shortcoming, that is, many adverse reactions, including leukopenia, renal dysfunction, acute hematopoietic dysfunction, fatal neutropenia, autoimmune hemolytic anemia, aplastic A series of side effects such as anemia, urticaria, exfoliative dermatitis, and bullous epidermolysis.
Parents should never take An Nai near the baby! (Not recommended for adults!)
Nimesulide is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug that can be used for pain in chronic arthritis (such as osteoarthritis), surgery and acute post-traumatic pain, and symptomatic treatment of primary dysmenorrhea. But at the same time, it also has a certain antipyretic effect, so it is also used for fever in the early stage.
However, in recent years, there have been many reports of adverse reactions to severe liver damage associated with nimesulide in the world, so this drug has been banned as an antipyretic.
And as early as2011In the year, China’s Food and Drug Administration issued a Notice on Strengthening the Use of Nimesulide Oral Formulations.
The notice stipulates that according to the Nimesulide oral preparation adverse reaction monitoring report, it is decided to take further measures to strengthen the management of the use of nimesulide oral preparations, adjust the clinical use of nimesulide, and clarify the use of nimesulide forbidden.12Children under the age of one.
Even in adults, it should be used in the treatment of at least one other anti-inflammatory drug failure, and is limited to the treatment of chronic arthritis pain, surgery and acute post-traumatic pain, primary dysmenorrhea and other diseases.
Aspirin, also known as acetylsalicylic acid, is a long-established and inexpensive antipyretic analgesic that was born out of1899In the year, it is used to treat colds, fever, headache, toothache, joint pain, rheumatism, and can also be used to prevent and treat ischemic heart disease, angina pectoris, cardiopulmonary infarction, and cerebral thrombosis.
Adults may be fine, but if you use aspirin to give your baby a fever, it may kill your baby!
Medical research has shown that if children suffer from acute viral infections such as influenza and chickenpox and have fever, aspirin has the risk of causing “acute encephalopathy with visceral steatosis syndrome”, which is also known as Reye’s syndrome.4Month –5Older children.
Children with aspirin have a higher incidence than those who do not.25Double, and has little to do with the dose, the longer the taking time and the younger the age, the more likely it is to cause the disease. Children can show symptoms such as excessive fatigue, abnormal excitement, frequent vomiting, elevated body temperature and abnormal liver function.30%.
Therefore, the World Health Organization claims that children with fever caused by acute respiratory infections should not use aspirin to avoid Reye’s syndrome.
In China, the “Treatment of atypical pneumonia, human infection with highly pathogenic avian influenza treatment plan” has been warned: aspirin is banned for children with fever.
“What antipyretics can be given to your baby?”
Antipyretics for your baby’s safety2Kind:
Representative drugs include Tylenol, paracetamol, Bilitong, and Pediatrics.
It is a commonly used antipyretic for children and is suitable for3More than a month for babies and adults.
Its antipyretic intensity is comparable to that of aspirin (faster onset) but has less adverse reactions, mild gastrointestinal irritation, does not affect blood coagulation, and does not cause Reye’s syndrome. It has been widely recommended and used by countries all over the world. The drug is currently the preferred drug for children’s high fever recommended by the World Health Organization.
Note: If the medicine is used improperly, it will damage the liver. Because the drug is metabolized by the liver, there are very few hydroxylids in the metabolite that are toxic to the liver cells. Too small a baby’s liver detoxification function is incomplete, and should be alert to liver damage, so Be sure to read the instructions carefully before taking this medicine, or take it under the guidance of a doctor!
The representative drugs are Merrill Lynch and Fenbid.
Ibuprofen has the advantages of less adverse reactions and lighter gastrointestinal irritation, and has less effect on blood and kidney function, and the antipyretic effect is more durable. The average control antipyretic time is5Hours or so. for39Above the high temperature above °C, the antipyretic effect of ibuprofen is better than acetaminophen. Generally used6a baby who has a high fever for more than a month,6Baby below the month should be used with caution.
However, the order of action of ibuprofen is anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antipyretic. Therefore, its primary role is to reduce inflammation rather than fever. Therefore, even if the baby reaches the age of taking ibuprofen, parents should accurately calculate the dose according to the baby’s weight.
Ten misunderstandings of children’s medication
Use juice to take the medicine, or drink juice or eat fruit immediately after taking the medicine. The acid will neutralize the alkaline medicine, or the medicine will be decomposed in advance to reduce the efficacy.
Sugar can inhibit the efficacy of certain drugs and interfere with the digestion and absorption of minerals and vitamins in the intestines. In addition, sugar can react with proteins such as proteins and tannins in certain Chinese medicines to produce harmful substances.
3Stripping the coating
The drug that is coated with the coating is generally irritating to the stomach or easily broken down by the gastric juice, such as peeling off the coating or crushing, and is prone to adverse reactions.
Use chopsticks to open your mouth, or pinch your nose, forcibly administer medicine in children’s crying, which may cause the drug to break into the trachea, causing inflammation of the lungs in the respiratory tract, and clogging the respiratory tract and causing suffocation.
5Sleeping and taking medicine
The child’s nervous system is not yet fully developed, and the ability to adapt to external stimulation is poor. If you take medicine while you sleep, the medicine suddenly stimulates the nerves in the tongue, throat, etc., and it can reflect the throat.
Some parents feel that adult medicine is effective, and it is very wrong to feed children with adult medicine in order to make children recover as soon as possible. For example, the treatment of diarrhea with norfloxacin capsules(Norfloxacin)This medicine has damage to children’s kidneys; as well as adult compound Xinnuoming tablets, long-term use of children can seriously poison their kidneys, and can also induce anemia.
Some parents are eager to seek success, and increase the dose without giving them to children. This can cause poisoning in children. If you take too much analgesic drugs, it will hurt the liver.(Toxic hepatitis).
8Abuse of antipyretics
Fever is the necessary protective mechanism for the human body. Some young mothers give their children antipyretics when they see a child. This makes it easy to cover up the symptoms and make the disease difficult to diagnose.
9Abuse of vitamins
Vitamins do play an important role in the growth and development of children, but they should not be blindly considered to be more beneficial. Many medicinal vitamins have certain adverse effects, even toxic reactions, especially fat-soluble vitamins. Excessive or excessive use may cause accumulation and poisoning in the body.
10Abuse of antibiotics
Epidemiological investigations have proven that90More than % of upper respiratory tract infections are caused by viral infections. Therefore, antibiotics for upper respiratory tract infections are not suitable. And long-term use of streptomycin, gentamicin, kanamycin and other antibiotics, will affect the child’s auditory nerve, causing dizziness, tinnitus, and even deafness; long-term use of chloramphenicol may cause aplastic anemia.