The living environment of modern people is extremely noisy, and the decline in hearing is no longer a problem that will arise in the elderly. What bad habits can damage your hearing? What about frequent tinnitus? I will talk to you today about the maintenance of the ear.
The “mystery” of the ear: we listen to the world like this
The one-person auditory system includes the outer ear, the middle ear, the inner ear, and various parts of the auditory nervous system.
● The outer ear receives the sound of the outside world and causes the tympanic membrane to vibrate along the ear canal.
● The vibration of the middle ear tympanic membrane causes three small bones: the hammer bone, the tibia and the anvil bone vibrate up and down, and the sound is transmitted to the inner ear.
● The inner ear can generate nerve impulses, and the impulse changes to the nerve signal along the auditory nerve, from which the information of the sound is transmitted to the brain.
Cell damage is irreversible
Hearing protection is essential
One by one, our hearing will gradually decline with age, because the inner ear hair cells responsible for transmitting sound signals to the brain will slowly decline with age. It is important to know that the inner ear hair cells are non-renewable, which means that once hearing damage begins to appear, it will not recover.
These habits are very hurtful “ears”, do you have any tricks?
Common headphones to listen to music
As long as the eyes are used for a long time, long-term use of the ear can also cause fatigue. Many people like to listen to songs with headphones, and feel that the louder the better. This is actually because the human ear is not sensitive enough to the low frequency. Turning up the volume can make the sound of each frequency segment be displayed, and the sense of hearing is more abundant. In fact, when you feel that the low frequency is comfortable, the mid-high frequency of the synchronous rise has been too loud and it is easy to damage the hearing. Some small partners also wear headphones when they sleep, and their name helps sleep. Can you know? When a person is asleep, the hearing system is still in working condition. Wearing headphones to sleep not only hurts the hearing, but also prolongs the ear canal and auricle congestion and affects blood circulation.
When using headphones one by one, first pay attention to adjust the volume. It is best to remove the earphones every half hour or so, and let the ears rest to avoid damage to the inner ear nerve cells. In addition, it is recommended to purchase headphones with a low-frequency boost effect to have a better sense of hearing at lower volume.
Often in a noisy environment
One by oneKTVInternet cafes, amusement parks, concert venues, sports events, etc. are often noisy, and when you stay in it for hours, your ears may feel uncomfortable. Many young people are keen on all kinds of lively occasions, but they do not know that these entertainment noises are the “invisible killers” of hearing.
Always be vigilant in an environment where loud sounds may occur. When you hear sudden noises, such as screams from sound problems, firecrackers at the celebrations, shouts, etc., be sure to cover your ears and protect yourself as soon as possible. In addition, if there is often noise in your learning and working environment, you must find a solution. Do not endure because the sound seems to be too big. Over time, it may form an auditory nerve disorder, causing diseases such as tinnitus.
Frequently dig ear
Simply licking the ears themselves does not directly cause hearing loss. If the ear causes mechanical trauma or infection, such as damage to the external auditory canal skin, tympanic membrane, or even the ossicular chain, it may lead to hearing loss of varying degrees and nature.
The skin of the external auditory canal is distributed with parotid glands, which secrete sputum (known as “the deafness”). 耵聍 has the protection of sterilization, isolation, etc., so there is no need to clean the ear canal. For most people, sputum will gradually drain out of the external auditory canal with chewing action, without the need for active cleaning. However, a small number of people, due to hypersecretion of glands, or problems with the self-cleaning mechanism of the ear canal, cause the sputum to accumulate in the ear canal, forming a “sputum embolism”, that is, the external auditory canal is brown, oily, or even as hard as a stone. The sputum is blocked, causing damage such as infection and bone destruction in the external auditory canal. In this case, it is not recommended to handle it by yourself. It is necessary to go to the hospital for diagnosis and treatment of otolaryngology.
Tinnitus that cannot be ignored
One sharp metal sound, the rumble of the train, the whistle, the whistle… The snoring in the ears always makes people upset. However, most of the tinnitus is not continuous, and it will disappear after a period of time. Generally speaking, there will be no substantial harm. However, if there is a long-term, continuous tinnitus in the case of adequate sleep and a good mental state, it must be taken seriously.
Why do you have tinnitus?
One by one survey shows that each100In the individual7People are accompanied by varying degrees of tinnitus. There are many causes of tinnitus, including various inflammations of the external auditory canal, middle ear, inner ear, and auditory nerve conduction pathways; complications caused by cardiovascular, diabetes, and thyroid diseases, etc. These diseases caused by tinnitus are called “secondary Sexual tinnitus.” Secondary tinnitus is often accompanied by other clinical manifestations such as hearing loss, dizziness, pain, redness and so on.
On the other hand, there are many tinnitus that are not accompanied by other clinical manifestations, that is, only isolated tinnitus in tinnitus. At the same time, the possibility of organic disease is ruled out through necessary examinations or clinical follow-up, which can be called “primary tinnitus.” The “primary tinnitus” that can not find the cause may be caused by fatigue, emotional changes, neck vascular compression, noise pollution, and short-term blood supply. For example, some patients have increased tinnitus when they are stressed and anxious, and their symptoms are alleviated when they are calm and relaxed.
Overcoming tinnitus, mentality is very important
Among the netizens who answered questions one by one, many people mentioned neurological tinnitus. Neurological tinnitus, some reasons are unknown; some reasons are clear, but there is no effective treatment; some can relieve the cause, but there is no specific treatment for the damage caused by the auditory receptor or auditory nerve.
Although neurological tinnitus is more difficult to cure, patients can avoid some controllable pathogenic factors in daily life, such as avoiding drug poisoning and staying away from noise and causing trauma. Some tinnitus is related to mental state, so we should pay attention to mental health, strengthen physical exercise, maintain an optimistic and cheerful attitude, and avoid falling into “focus on tinnitus.–Increased tinnitus–Pay more attention to tinnitus–The vicious circle of tinnitus is more dramatic. A good attitude is the key to overcoming tinnitus.
Treatment of tinnitus
One-on-one drug treatment: clinically used drugs to treat tinnitus, such as vasodilators, neurotrophic drugs, and regulatory autonomic drugs.
One-of-a-kind therapy: refers to the adaptation or habit of tinnitus. The main contents of the therapy include noise insufficiency masking, relaxation training, psychological adjustment and distraction (the Jinghao medical hearing aid has a tinnitus masking function, which has certain curative effect on the treatment of tinnitus).
One-on-one treatment: The suppression of tinnitus is achieved mainly by eliminating the arc of the edge system and the reflex arc between the autonomic nervous system and the tinnitus sensing center.
One-to-one transcranial magnetic stimulation: a non-invasive magnetic field therapy. Acts on the central nervous system of the brain, purposefully and finely regulates the power of the neurotransmitter, producing excitatory or inhibitory effects.