There are several factors that contribute to hearing loss in children. Parents should pay more attention to their daily lives.
1.The hearing is relatively good one month after the baby is born. At this stage it is not suitable for receiving greater sound stimulation. Excessive stimulation can lead to hearing damage. When bathing and shampooing, be careful not to let sewage enter the ear canal to prevent the occurrence of otitis media. Pay attention to the correct feeding and drinking posture, that is, pick up the baby and take a semi-recumbent position. If the mother’s milk is too high and the pressure is too high, the baby’s head can be slightly lower, so as to avoid suffocation or swallowing in time, resulting in acute otitis media.
2.Among the various causes of hearing loss, otitis media is more common. For example, acute otitis media is usually infected by the eustachian tube. In the case of colds and colds, the nasal mucosa is inflamed, and active bacteria will directly enter the middle ear from the opening of the eustachian tube of the nasopharynx, causing inflammation of the middle ear mucosa. This is especially true in childhood. Infants and young children’s eustachian tube is relatively thick and horizontal, so the bacteria in the nasal cavity and nasopharynx are easily invaded, resulting in acute otitis media and even acute suppurative otitis media and affecting hearing.
There is also a type of non-suppurative otitis media called secretory otitis media, which is also an increasingly common disease. Generally, the incidence of winter and spring is more, characterized by the accumulation of liquid in the middle ear cavity. Most people think that this is related to eustachian tube dysfunction, immune function of the body and upper respiratory tract infection. Some children who have this disease suddenly appear after a cold, and some occur unconsciously, often with ear nausea and hearing loss. Performance, a small number of children reported mild earache. Because of the atypical clinical symptoms, it is easily overlooked by parents, causing children to have varying degrees of hearing loss or accompanying life.
3.The middle ear is also often threatened by “left and right neighbors”, such as nasal and pharyngeal diseases, including sinusitis, tonsillitis, adenitis, etc., often accompanied by otitis media, so in order to protect the health of the middle ear, we must also pay attention to correct the disease. . There are many such cases in the clinic. After removal of hypertrophy and recurrent tonsils, there is less chance of catching a cold and recurrent otitis media is cured.
4.Many drugs are highly toxic to the ear, long-term use or heavy use, or children’s high sensitivity to this drug can cause hearing impairment. Common ototoxic drugs are streptomycin, gentamicin, kanamycin and the like. These drugs mainly cause auditory nerve damage. Because children use these antibiotics, they do not correctly reflect the symptoms of early poisoning. Through general hearing methods, children often fail to cooperate, which leads to early diagnosis difficulties and is difficult to recover (irreversible) once they occur.
Some parents should avoid bad behavior when educating their children. If they hit the child’s head, they can cause traumatic deafness and should be corrected. Care should also be taken to care for young children so as not to injure the head and cause damage to the inner ear.