Listening is very important for children to develop their hearing, speech, communication skills and integration into society, but unfortunately not every child has a sound hearing. When a child is diagnosed with hearing impairment, especially severe deafness, what is it that is most beneficial to the child’s development?
First of all, parents should adjust their mentality and actively face this fact. At present, early diagnosis, early wearing of appropriate hearing aids or implantation of cochlear implants can help hearing-impaired children to the maximum extent possible, and a large number of children have benefited from it and entered ordinary primary schools.
With the popularization of newborn hearing screening, more and more hearing-impaired children have been discovered, diagnosed and intervened early. With the publicity and education of hearing health knowledge, more and more people from all walks of life have deepened their Understanding of hearing impairment prevention and rehabilitation. However, there are still many parents who hold irrational attitudes. For example, (1) has long refused to face reality. Self-comfort is the child’s late talk. This will only delay the timing of early diagnosis and early intervention of the child, affecting the rehabilitation effect of the child’s auditory speech ability; (2) blindly seek medical attention and delay the opportunity. In contact with the parents of hearing-impaired children, the author found that many parents blindly seek medical treatment at the beginning of the visit. For example, after 2 and 3 were discovered, they found that the hearing aids they used were old-age hearing aids! This will affect the timing and effect of the child’s recovery. And even the child’s life. The more timely and reasonable the parent’s mentality is, the more beneficial it is for the child’s recovery.
Second, we must work hard to learn the theoretical knowledge and practical skills related to listening and speech rehabilitation. It is not enough to have a good attitude. Because the rehabilitation of listening language requires the active participation and cooperation of parents, the results of the study and the phenomena in the teaching show that the higher the participation of parents, the better the rehabilitation effect of the child. However, how to participate? How to cooperate? This requires parents to understand the basic knowledge: including the characteristics of children’s psychological development, hearing aids, and knowledge of cochlear implants. In addition, the rehabilitation of auditory speech is closely related to language input. Parents, who are most familiar with children and have the most contact with children, have incomparable advantages in helping children to achieve auditory speech rehabilitation. However, to achieve good, or even twice the result with half the effort, parents need to master relevant skills, such as developing children’s skills and skills to listen to awareness, how to expand the child’s vocabulary and so on.
Third, parents should pay attention to two points during the rehabilitation process: 1. Don’t blindly compare and pay more attention to the child’s own growth. I can often hear the parents say, “Oh, your child just said it is so good after a year of booting. Our family just doesn’t love to open the mouth. What should I do? I am dying!” I didn’t want children to implant cochlear implants. He also wore a hearing aid for a year, and both children and mothers belonged to the type that they loved. Every child is unique and the individual differences are very large. Some children need a longer accumulation period, and some children are introverted, but their speech comprehension and learning ability are very good. If blind comparisons are prone to anxiety and unrealistic expectations, this will only increase the child’s stress, and even worsen the parent-child relationship, which is not conducive to the child’s recovery. If you pay more attention to your child’s own growth and give more appreciation and encouragement, it will greatly improve your child’s self-confidence and achieve better results. 2. Don’t settle for the status quo, try to help your child go higher and further. The child’s recovery is not in the pre-school years. In school age and after adulthood, parents’ care, help and support are always needed. There are new challenges in the new era, such as the young convergence stage, how to help children adapt to the first grade of primary school, how to help children make a smooth transition in the transition period of the third and fourth grades of primary school, how to guide children through the puberty? . Learning to listen and speaking is only the first step. The future journey is still very long. There are still a lot of things that we need to do.
Finally, and most importantly, parents should never ignore themselves. Only when your mental state is good, your child’s development will be good. Generally speaking, during the rehabilitation process of a child, one or two parents usually participate in the rehabilitation training of the child as the main caregiver. With regard to the education of children, family members are often prone to differences. For the rehabilitation training of hearing-impaired children, it is easier for parents to have conflicts between family members because they understand the amount of information, expectations, training methods, etc., and it is easy for major caregivers to put heavy pressure on them. In order for children to achieve good rehabilitation results, family members must reach a consensus to promote the development of children’s auditory speech. In addition, parents should also pay attention to establishing their own social circle. While working hard for the rehabilitation of their children, they should also let themselves have time to “relax” themselves. By finding friends and family members, they should promptly relieve their bad feelings and take good status and peace. The mentality is facing the children and actively recovering.
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