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Application of game activities in the rehabilitation theme class of hearing-impaired children

In the rehabilitation training for hearing-impaired children, the teaching process of the rehabilitation theme education class mainly adopts the “five-ring method” of the former Soviet educator Kailov – “organizing teaching – reviewing old lessons – teaching new lessons – summing up consolidation – “Arrangement of work” as a structural model of classroom teaching. Because the educational object is a hearing-impaired child, the “five-ring law” is simplified into a four-part theme class, including preparatory activities, review, new promotion and consolidation. In the course of rehabilitation teaching, scientific rehabilitation methods can be infiltrated in the form of games in all aspects of the teaching process. Through the role played by the game in classroom teaching, it can stimulate the hearing and hearing of hearing impaired children, improve the enthusiasm and initiative of learning the language, let the children learn faster, better, and are more willing to learn, so that each section of the rehabilitation theme Give full play to the benefits.

Rehabilitation training for children with hearing impairment

First, mobilize enthusiasm and integrate into the learning atmosphere–preparatory activities

Before the formal class, in order to focus the hearing-impaired children’s attention on the classroom, enter the atmosphere of the class as soon as possible, and stimulate their desire to speak, you can design a hearing ability training game. Through the game form, both the hearing aid and the electronic cochlear implant are checked, and the hearing-impaired children are trained to develop good listening habits. Such as listening to the form of the name of the activity: “Xiao Ming clap your hands”, “Little Red foot”; auditory description of the form of the name activity: “I am looking for a girl wearing red clothes”, “Please wear a blue pants boy stand one stop “The game of the same form. In the preparatory activities, you can also design short language games, mobilize the interest of hearing-impaired children, activate the classroom atmosphere, and maintain classroom discipline. For example, “Clap Song” “Little hand pats, my little hand sticks out. Little hand pats, my little hand hides.” Through the auditory games, language games to achieve the purpose of concentration.

Second, improve proficiency, lay a foundation for new knowledge – review

Review is an important part of the theme class for hearing-impaired children. This session is mainly to review the teaching content that has already been learned, to consolidate the skills and skills that have been learned, to improve the proficiency in the use of skills and techniques, to lay a good foundation for the learning of new knowledge, and also to understand The foundation of new knowledge that students learn, and strengthen the connection between old and new knowledge. The review session generally consists of three small steps, which involve three aspects of breathing, vocalization, and melody. Each step is connected in series through the game.

The first step: breathing training.

Breathing is the source of power for speech. People who speak, sing or cough need the synergy of exhalation and inhalation, which is the basis of speech. Therefore, in this section, you can design a “drive train” game, let the children grow up to form a train, and simulate the sound of the train while walking. The train crossed the cave “u–” and the train departed “u/u/u”. Through the game, the breathing support of the hearing impaired children and the coordination of breathing and vocalization are prepared to prepare for the formation of vocalization, speech and language.

The second step: vocal training.

The vocal system is the source of vibration generated by speech. Some hearing-impaired children are caused by loudness due to sensorineural deafness, and some hearing-impaired children have low loudness due to conductive deafness. Therefore, in this step, you can use the “Chicken Family” game. Under the guidance of the teacher, the hearing-impaired children loudly imitated the cock’s cry “喔/喔/喔” and whispered the sound of the chicken “叽/叽/叽”. You can also use the “crossing the hill” game, draw a hillside on the blackboard, design a cartoon pinyin, tell the hearing impaired children: you want the pinyin baby to turn over the mountain to go home. Read aloud at the foot of the mountain and read it loudly at the top of the mountain, such as: /u-U-u/. Then, in conjunction with the action of squatting and standing up, the child is guided to perform vocal training. Using the form of the game, the flexibility of the vocal organs is trained so that the hearing volume of the hearing impaired children is moderate.

The third step: the training of the articulation system.

The articulation system is composed of organs such as the lower jaw, tongue, lip, soft palate, uvula and pharyngeal cavity. The most important organ organs are the lower jaw, the lip, the tongue and the soft palate. The flexible and coordinated movement between them is a necessary condition for producing clear and meaningful speech. The articulation refers to the process of coordination between the construction of these organs and the sound of speech. In order to simplify the complex articulation process and make the hearing-impaired children clear and sensible, in this section, different games can be designed according to the pronunciation part of the articulation. Such as: double lip sound b / p / m, the game is “who is strong.” Let the hearing impaired children hold the tongue depressor with both lips, and the teacher holds both ends of the tongue depressor with both hands, and the strength of the child is greater than that of the child. Lips and teeth / f /, the game is “Honey is so sweet.” Apply honey to the inside of the lower lip of the hearing impaired child, use the upper teeth to touch the inside of the lower lip, and eat honey. The root of the tongue is g/k/h, and the game is “Water Baby Dancing”. Let the hearing impaired children feel the feeling of water jumping in the mouth by looking up the mouth. The tip of the tongue is zh/ch/sh/r, and the game is “eat lollipop”. Let the hearing impaired child eat a lollipop with the tip of his tongue and then roll the tongue into the cavity. In the way of the game, the movements of the various organs of the melody are synchronized in time, accurate in position, and the formation of accurate melody is ensured.

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REF: Hearing AidsHearing aids ChinaHearing Aids Supplier
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