Adhere to early detection, early diagnosis, early intervention
The rehabilitation of hearing-impaired children involves many aspects such as hearing compensation (reconstruction), auditory speech training, speech correction, language education, pre-school education, etc., and must adhere to the combination of medical education and comprehensive intervention. Interdisciplinary teams composed of audiologists, auditory speech rehabilitation teachers, speech pathologists, and preschool teachers participate in and coordinate implementation.
Adhere to the law of child development
The ultimate goal of rehabilitation is to promote the equal and comprehensive participation of persons with disabilities in social life. Achieving this goal requires overcoming dysfunction, as well as removing physical and social barriers. It also requires an overall improvement in the quality of people with disabilities. Similarly, hearing-impaired children should receive education as equal as hearing children. In order to participate fully in social life, in addition to having good listening and speaking skills, they must also have a healthy body and mind and comprehensive knowledge and abilities. Only with comprehensive development and the ability to participate fully and compete, hearing-impaired children can finally achieve their goal of recovery.
Insist on the leading role of parents
Parents are the child’s first teacher and lifelong teacher. Parents play an irreplaceable role in the rehabilitation of hearing-impaired children. Parents and children have innate blood and emotional connections. Family education has strong infectivity and permeability. The family environment and parents’ communication methods have an important impact on the speech and language development of hearing-impaired children. According to Hart and Risley, the way parents speak and the richness of speech determine the level of language development of children. Through the survey, they found that in professional families, parents can average 2100 words (English) per hour for children. In workers’ families, parents average 1200 words per hour for children, while in families who need social welfare benefits, Parents only speak 600 words to children every hour. In families with poor economic and social conditions, parents not only have less words, but also have low quality of speech. They rarely modify and ask questions in conversations, and often ignore their children’s desire to communicate.
Based on the basic principles of rehabilitation of hearing-impaired children, we can see that the rehabilitation of hearing-impaired children is a rescue project that emphasizes “early” and is a systematic project that emphasizes multi-disciplinary and multi-technology comprehensive application. Children with hearing impairment are first and foremost children, with the physical and mental characteristics of ordinary children and their own special needs. To carry out the rehabilitation of hearing-impaired children, under the guidance of a scientific concept of children, education and rehabilitation, we must adhere to the principle of children, respect the physical and mental characteristics and development of children, and comprehensively use various interventions to integrate and promote the hearing of hearing-impaired children. Said capacity development and overall quality improvement.
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