First, what is deafness?
It refers to the decline in hearing sensitivity caused by various reasons, also known as hearing loss.
Second, common deafness types
1, secretory otitis media: Because it does not flow, does not have a fever, does not have earaches, it is one of the reasons why children often suffer from deafness when their children’s academic performance declines and their personality changes.
2, congenital deafness: It is pointed out that the hearing function is lost after birth and is in a silent world. Most of the parents are married, the genetics are passed on to the offspring. The mother’s first three months of pregnancy is a critical period for the development of hair cells in the fetal hearing organs. During this period, the mother has a viral infection such as a cold, rubella, and sore, hair cells. In the case of developmental disorders, the fetus loses its auditory function.
3, infectious disease-induced sputum: epidemic meningitis, mumps, if not treated systematically after the onset of disease, leaving a slow-sounding neurotic sputum.
4, ototoxicity (inner ear drug poisoning): refers to the deafness caused by the abuse of certain drugs or long-term exposure to certain chemicals.
Common ototoxic drugs:
(1) Aminoguanidine antibiotics: gentamicin, streptomycin, kanamycin, neomycin, etc.
(2) Salicylic acid painkillers: Meshunin, Nimesulide tablets, etc.
(3) Anti-malarial drugs: Kui Shou, chloroquine, etc.
(4) Diuretics: furosemide, uric acid, etc.
(5) Anticancer drugs: vincristine, 2-nitroimidazole, cisplatin, etc. Common ototoxic chemicals: aluminum, phosphorus, arsenic, benzene, CO, SO2, CCI4, etc.
5, Sudden Turkic: No significant cause of severe hearing loss, produced within 1-2 days.
6, autoimmune sputum: occurs in adolescents on both sides of the same or successive, asymmetry of the sound of neurological paralysis.
Third, the principle of deafness treatment
(1) recovering or partially recovering lost hearing;
(2) Try to save and use your residual hearing.
Fourth, the treatment of deafness
1, drug treatment: after the occurrence of deafness within half a year to improve the inner ear microcirculation, hair cell nutrition and other drug treatment, if it is invalid, it should be abandoned, can not blindly superstitious drugs, because the inner ear hair cells of the sensorineural hearing loss necrosis, can not be regenerated, Medication is not a panacea, there are time constraints, such as 1-3 week after the sudden treatment of drug treatment, more than 3 week is not good.
2, hearing aids: The most practical and effective treatment and rehabilitation method for sensorineural deafness or the loss of drug and surgical opportunities.
3, electronic cochlear surgery: suitable for patients with full hearing loss who are not wearing hearing aids. Because of a case of surgery, 20 is about RMB 10,000, which is very expensive and limited in clinical application.
4, auditory and speech training
(1) Hearing Training: After wearing a hearing aid, deaf patients gradually develop their listening habits and improve their ability to detect hearing, auditory attention, auditory positioning, recognition, and memory.
(2) Speech Training: Train your nephew to speak and read your lips, and then understand and accumulate vocabulary, master grammar rules, and express your thoughts and feelings flexibly and accurately. Through the joint efforts of the teachers and parents of the deaf-mute school, the deaf children are not dumb.
Five, several problems should be paid attention to in the prevention and treatment of deafness
1, as long as there is residual hearing, you should choose a hearing aid as soon as possible to avoid full paralysis.
2, hearing aids are not ordinary goods. Hearing aids purchased in stores without professional selection are not only ineffective, but also can aggravate hearing damage due to noise output. They must be used by professional hearing aids by the fitter, through hearing tests, according to the hearing curve application. The computer software is equipped with the most suitable hearing aid, just like wearing glasses to protect your vision. A hearing aid can be used to preserve residual hearing.
3, otologists, hearing aid fittings, school teachers and parents work together to improve the social level and practical effects of deafness prevention, to achieve “deaf and dumb”, return to the world of sound, and restore language. Communication and social ability
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