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Sudden deafness must be treated within three days, and high-risk at the end of the year

Recently, the number of patients with sudden deafness has increased significantly, about 30% more than usual, many of which are caused by too tired, nervous and anxious. In the past, sudden deafness was common among middle-aged and elderly people or those with cardio-cerebral vascular diseases. Recently, sudden deafness has gradually increased in young people, and it has grown very fast.

Sudden deafness

Too much stress increases morbidity

Sudden deafness is also called “ear stroke” and is a kind of neurological deafness. The patient suddenly couldn’t hear the sound without any warning. At first, he might only feel tinnitus, his ears snoring, or his ears swell.

Chen Zhiling, director of the Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Hangzhou Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, said that excessive fatigue, anxiety, staying up late, etc., will cause insufficient blood supply to the brain, and insufficient blood supply to the brain will affect the cochlea, causing ischemia and hypoxia in the cochlea, and the hair cells in the cochlea are competent hearing. It is very sensitive, and once it is hypoxic, it can cause cochlear damage and is prone to sudden deafness. In addition, viral infection can also damage the auditory nerve, causing sudden deafness, dizziness and other symptoms.

Nowadays, young people have a fast pace of life, high work pressure, frequent overtime work and staying up late, and excessive fatigue, which greatly increases the incidence of this disease. In addition, people with high blood pressure, high blood fat, high blood sugar, or often in a noisy environment will increase the risk of illness. For example, some people like to listen to songs and sleep with headphones, and it will cause damage to hearing after a long time.

“Different people have different degrees of tolerance to ischemia and hypoxia in the cochlea.” Chen Zhiling said that some people are particularly sensitive to the cochlear nerve. If they are slightly affected by ischemia and hypoxia, they will cause damage to the cochlea. Some people have better tolerance, and their ability to resist fatigue and stress is relatively good, so it is not easy to have cochlear ischemia and hypoxia. In general, the anti-fatigue tolerance of middle-aged and elderly people with heart and brain vascular diseases will be relatively poor. Sudden deafness, dizziness and tinnitus are mainly caused by these people.

Most of the visits within three days after onset can be recovered

Most of the sudden-onset patients developed symptoms shortly after getting up in the early morning or early morning, accompanied by mild tinnitus, ear swelling and hearing loss, and some patients even experienced dizziness and vomiting. Due to the lack of understanding of the disease, and the disease has a certain rate of self-healing, a considerable number of patients blindly believe that the Turk is temporary, no rest, “get angry”, after a while. Some think it is a small problem, because the work is busy, there is no time, and when you are busy, you will see the doctor again. Due to the above various reasons, the doctor did not seek medical treatment in time after the onset of illness, and the longest onset of the disease took more than ten days to seek medical treatment, which seriously affected the therapeutic effect.

According to foreign data, if the disease is more than one month, the damage to the inner ear is irreversible, and the possibility of restoring hearing is negligible. Gao Chunjin, chief physician of the Hyperbaric Oxygen Department of Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, reminded that because sudden deafness is an emergency in ear disease, the damage of the sensor is irreversible and should be immediately treated by an otologist. If you see a doctor within three days after the onset of illness, most of them are recoverable. If you see a doctor after two weeks, only about 5% can recover your hearing.

It should be noted that patients with sudden deafness who have untreated pneumothorax, pulmonary bullae, active internal hemorrhage (such as gastrointestinal bleeding), etc., sudden increase in oxygen pressure will cause alveolar rupture or aggravate the degree of bleeding, It is best not to choose hyperbaric oxygen therapy. (integrated from City Express, Health Times)

Link:Sudden deafness must be treated within three days, and high-risk at the end of the year

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