Walking on the road, suddenly heard the sound of the horn when the car passes by, will your ears be stimulated? Passing through the square, listening to music of various rhythms and different melody from all corners of the square to your ears, you will Don’t you feel noisy? Do you also give your baby a shoe that will make a sound when walking? Do you wear headphones all the way during running… If the answer is yes, then you should pay attention, the chief physician of ENT department of Liuzhou People’s Hospital Dr. Feng Haiyan said that this means your ears are being hurt. In order to protect your hearing, tell everyone how to give more care to your ears and better “hear the future” from the aspects of life and work.
How to prevent before and after pregnancy
“Early patients with ear problems who come to see a doctor because of various reasons.” Feng Haiyan said that as small as a newborn, as old as 80. There are many causes of hearing loss, such as age, noise, genetic factors, and ototoxic drugs.
The incidence of congenital hearing impairment in newborns is 1‰—2‰, Feng Haiyan said that genetic factors are an important cause of hearing loss in the baby. Pre-pregnancy check is important to avoid problems caused by this factor. “I have received some similar patients, all of whom are busy working to earn money, do not do or do not standardize pre-pregnancy checkups.”
He reminded that couples with family history of deafness or deafness, or couples who had had children with hearing impairment should undergo genetic counseling and related tests before pregnancy, and reduce the occurrence of hereditary hearing loss through prenatal and postnatal care. Genetic testing after pregnancy can be used to understand whether a baby has hearing impairment or carries a deafness gene during pregnancy.
In addition, it is very important that pregnant women themselves should prevent viral infections, especially rubella, cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex virus infection, etc., because viral infection can damage the hearing of the fetus during pregnancy. During pregnancy, care should be taken not to be too obese, not to use drugs, especially ototoxic drugs, be careful of pregnancy-induced hypertension, gestational diabetes, etc. These are important factors in reducing the incidence of congenital non-hereditary hearing loss in the baby.
How to prevent childhood
During the growth process from the mother’s birth, the focus of prevention of hearing loss has changed.
Feng Haiyan reminded that the hearing loss caused by secretory otitis media can not be ignored. “Children have more otitis media,” he said. In one case, the child’s resistance is weak, and it is easy to suffer from cold, rhinitis, tonsillitis, adenoid hypertrophy, etc., causing phlegm in the throat tube, leading to otitis media. Another condition is otitis media caused by incorrect feeding posture. Some young mothers feed their baby when they are feeding, and let the baby sleep supine immediately after feeding. This posture makes the milk easily pour into the middle ear through the eustachian tube, causing otitis media. Therefore, young mothers should lean as much as possible when feeding the baby. After feeding, let the baby rest for half an hour before sleeping in a position higher than the upper body.
In addition to secretory otitis media, Feng Haiyan reminded that there are still some phenomena that require parental attention.
Nowadays, many double-employee families and pre-school children are handed over by grandparents or grandparents. The most common situation that the older generation took with children was to take the children to see the excitement and where to go. Others often take their children to dance in the square, and stay for two or three hours. “The lively places are very noisy, and the place where the square dances is also the place where all kinds of music gather and impact the ears. For children, these are noises. If you are exposed to this environment for a long time, your hearing will be damaged.” He Said.
In addition, it is not advisable to bring a child to play mahjong, buy toys that can make a stimulating sound, and wear shoes that can be called, and reduce entertainment noise to help children’s hearing health. Children should also be actively prevented from head trauma, and ototoxic drugs should be used with caution to reduce hearing loss caused by viral infections such as meningitis and mumps.
How to prevent after adulthood
In the prevention of hearing loss in adults, Feng Haiyan said that the Guangdong-Guangdong region is a high-risk area for nasopharyngeal cancer. Nasopharyngeal cancer occurs in the pharyngeal crypt and the posterior wall of the nasopharynx. It occurs in the pharyngeal crypt, because it is close to the eustachian tube. Oral, the early stage of tumor can compress or block the eustachian tube, causing ventilating drainage disorder in the middle ear tympanic cavity, causing tinnitus, ear occlusion and hearing loss. After radiotherapy and chemotherapy, while killing cancer tissue, radiation also damages adjacent normal tissues, including auditory organs, and the risk of hearing loss is greatly affected by the damage of the eustachian tube function.
To prevent hearing loss caused by nasopharyngeal cancer, we must first prevent nasopharyngeal cancer. The public should pay attention to enhance the body’s resistance, strengthen physical exercise; prevent colds, prevent EB virus infection, pay attention to maintain nasal and throat hygiene; actively treat nasal and nasopharyngeal inflammatory diseases; pay attention to diet, eat less or not eat salted fish, pickles , flavonoids and other foods containing nitrosamines, eat more vegetables and fruits. Secondly, strengthen health checkup, early detection of nasopharyngeal carcinoma, and regular otolaryngology follow-up of nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients is an important method to prevent and reduce hearing loss.
Some citizens like to wear headphones when they are running, and the music loops. It is an hour or two that can easily cause noise deafness. Some citizens dance the square dance to maximize the volume of music, not only disturbing the people, but also their own. Hearing is also a kind of “persecution.”
If you like to lick your ears, you should also pay attention to it. If you don’t regulate your ears and pull out the ears outside, you can push the deafness inside, which is more likely to cause perforation of the eardrum.
For the above situation, the most important thing is to change it and not to increase it, try to avoid or delay the occurrence of hearing loss.
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