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Hearing loss and cognitive impairment are two concepts

 Jinghao听力验配师说,听力损失和认知障碍:一个涉及听觉器官,另一个关于大脑,不过,在现实生活,人们很容易将二者混淆,因为他们的症状实在相似,还有部分患者同时也可能患有这两种疾病。

Cognitive impairment

As early as 1986, scientists found that hearing loss patients and dementia patients performed similarly, especially the clinical manifestations of mild cognitive impairment, which is one of the main causes of confusion. Many studies have also confirmed that most patients with cognitive impairment also suffer from severe hearing loss, such as Gold and others found in 1996, 52 patients with Alzheimer’s disease and other cognitive impairments, 49 cases The patient has significant hearing loss.

Although screening for mild cognitive impairment and dementia results in large differences, the screening tools we use in the clinic are the same: the use of the Mini Mental State Examination Scale (MMSE). This screening tool is a typical questionnaire that is clinically highly sensitive and specific and has normal values ​​for different levels of education and age. It has already been used in China. Mild cognitive impairment may be associated with a variety of factors, including Alzheimer’s disease, stroke, brain damage, brain tumors, central nervous system infections, alcohol abuse, and other drugs.

  Jinghao听力验配师说,单从年龄看,轻度认知障碍患者面临的困难,远远大于同龄人群。需要注意的是,轻度认知障碍患者和痴呆症患者不一样,并没有表现出智力判断能力或推理能力的损伤。因此,学界认为轻度认知障碍其实属于介于正常认知功能和痴呆之间的一种所谓“过渡综合征”,因为,超过50%轻度认知障碍患者在五年内,会发展成为痴呆症患者。

At present, it is still necessary to study the two diseases of how to effectively diagnose and treat cognitive impairment and hearing loss, but use appropriate auditory amplifying devices, including hearing aids, hearing aids, alarm devices, cochlear implants, frequency modulation, Connection tools, etc., have certain effects, plus corresponding cognitive exercises, social interactions, and physical exercise, which can slow down the cognitive ability of patients and may help to maintain and improve cognitive function.

  Jinghao听力验配师说,由于,老年人的听力损失和认知障碍症状常常重合,医生在对其诊断时,必须格外小心,因为听力损失的症状可能表现为认知障碍,反之亦然。学界认为,不解决听力问题可能会加速认知能力的下降。区分听力损失和认知障碍的主要目的是为了更好治疗这些疾病。

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