Is presbycusis normal?

 
 
 老年性耳聋是指60岁以上的老年人因听觉系统老化而引起的感音神经性耳聋。此病的发病年龄和病情的进展速度因人而异。有的人50岁就出现听力障碍,有的人到了八九十岁听力仍然很好。这与多方面的因素有关,如遗传因素、生活条件、居住环境、精神状态、身体情况等。老年性耳聋多见于男性、城市居民、工人、有烟酒嗜好者,以及长期患慢性消耗性疾病和心血管病的人群中。据调查,在我国60岁以上的人群中,有听力障碍的人约占30%—60%。

 
 
 However, 80% of the elderly suffer from hearing loss without intervention, which eventually leads to deafness.Elderly deafness will make the elderly more lonely, causing psychological trauma, slow response, and mental decline.Studies have shown that presbycusis is positively related to brain atrophy and Alzheimer’s. With hearing loss and disuse of auditory function, atrophy may be aggravated and Alzheimer’s arrives earlier.

 Therefore, it is very important for the elderly to intervene and treat as early as possible to preserve the residual hearing to improve their quality of life in their later years.

      

      Presbycusis is a natural phenomenon of human aging. At present, there is no more effective way to reverse this phenomenon. Only some treatments can improve part of the patient’s hearing or slow down the progress of deafness.So, how to treat presbycusis?

     Commonly used drugs that can be treated with drugs are:

     ①Neurotrophic agents that dilate blood vessels and improve microcirculation, such as Sibelin, Persantin, Dibazole, Danshen, Mailuoning, Luoxintong, Nimodipine, Dioxinxuekang, and low-molecular dextran, etc.; ②Endocrine agents, such as sex hormones, etc. ;

     ③Lipoprotein preparations, such as Antomin, etc.;

     ④Vitamins, such as vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin E, etc.; ⑤Proprietary Chinese medicines for promoting blood circulation, removing blood stasis and dispelling qi, such as Yufeng Ningxin Tablets, Songling Xuemaikang, Ertong Renci Pills, Deaf Fucong Decoction, etc.; Medicines and tranquilizers, such as Anshen Buxin Pill, Tianma Pills, Valium, Doxepin, Carbamazepine, etc.

It is clinically proven that the above drugs are only effective for a small number of patients with early presbycusis, and the effects are similar.

     Can be treated by supplementing trace elements

 
 
 耳蜗与前庭都是锌元素含量最高的器官。据统计,有30%—58%的老年性耳聋患者都不同程度地缺锌。如为他们进行补锌治疗,会使20%—28%患者的听力得到改善,会使25%—40%患者的耳鸣症状得到减轻。因此,补充锌元素能延缓或阻止老年性耳聋的发生。此外,临床实践证明,补充铁元素也可起到扩张耳蜗血管的作用,对有些患者也能起到防治耳聋的作用。

     Treat deafness by treating systemic diseases

     According to clinical observations, people suffering from diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular disease and hyperlipidemia have a significantly higher incidence of deafness.Therefore, timely and reasonable treatment of the above diseases can effectively prevent or reduce the occurrence of deafness.In the absence of contraindications, patients with deafness can also be treated with hyperbaric oxygen.This type of therapy can also improve the patient’s hearing.

     WearHearing aid

Patients with severe deafness can be equipped with suitable powerHearing aid.This allows the patient to talk with others, and avoids the patient’s loneliness and pessimism due to deafness.Patients can also participate in language training and lip-reading training to enhance their ability to understand language.

     Proper physical exercise

     Life lies in movement, and the function of various organs in the human body also lies in activity.Properly engaging in mental and physical activities is a health-care remedy to prolong life and delay aging.In addition to doing some appropriate exercises every day, the elderly can also rub and massage the ear shells 80-100 times to enhance the blood circulation of the ears and maintain the normal function of hearing.

     Maintain a healthy mindset

     Arrange daily life reasonably, be broad-minded, make more friends, participate in group activities, avoid loneliness, and maintain a good mood.This also has a certain effect on preventing deafness.

     Pay attention to diet

     Avoid “three highs and one low” (high sugar, high salt, high cholesterol, low vitamins) in diet, and avoid fast food, hot food, cold food, and overeating.Eat more foods high in zinc and iron, such as black fungus, lean meat, fish, beans, etc.Drink some milk every day, eat 1-2 eggs, and quit smoking and limit alcohol.

     Do not use drugs at will

     When you are sick, you should use drugs rationally under the guidance of a doctor.Those drugs that are toxic to hearing, such as gentamicin, kanamycin, and streptomycin, should be used with caution.

    Avoid noise stimulation

     Any volume higher than 90 decibels is harmful to hearing.Therefore, stay away from noisy environments.When listening to the radio with earplugs, also control the volume and listening time.

Regular physical examination

     Elderly persons with conditions should have a comprehensive physical examination every six months to one year.If a systemic disease or hearing loss is found, it should be treated in time to prevent the further development of the disease.

Link:      Is presbycusis normal?

REF: ITE hearing aidsHearing LossHearing Aids Types
The article comes from the Internet. If there is any infringement, please contact [email protected] to delete it.

Leave a Reply