Hearing is divided into four stages, namely perception, discrimination, recognition, and understanding.These four stages are a whole, interlinked, and should be based on the order of easy to difficult, and gradually promote the child’s auditory development.
Child is wearingHearing aidOr after cochlear implantation, the first thing to do is to cultivate the child’s listening habits, that is, to train the child in hearing perception.
When this training is first carried out, children’s reactions to sounds are unconscious. In this case, parents should pay attention to observation and use interesting games and colorful play aids to guide children to gradually learn to listen to sounds and respond quickly to sounds.
The materials required for auditory awareness training include nursery rhymes, children’s songs, stories, words (physical objects, pictures), Chinese studies (disciple rules, thousand-character essays), etc.
When children can respond sensitively to sounds of various frequencies, parents can guide children to distinguish the similarities and differences between the two sounds.From the gross aspect, it can be divided into animal sounds, human voices, and music sounds. If you distinguish them carefully, they can be subdivided into: the length of the sound, the loudness, the frequency, and the rhythm.Parents can first choose the two voices with the big difference, guide the children to listen carefully, and start to distinguish the similarities and differences between the two carefully. This is the beginning of the recognition of voices.In the process of auditory discrimination, the commonly used games are: listen to the length of the sound, draw the line, listen to the loudness, jump and squat, listen to the frequency, learn toe or squat to walk (learning to walk, dwarf walking), when distinguishing the rhythm of speed , Just adopt the form of listening to the rhythm of running or walking slowly.At the same time, parents can also prepare cards to guide children to distinguish the similarities and differences between the two based on sound and pictures.
If the child is able to distinguish the difference between the two sounds well, then the parents should speed up the pace of training and train the child to grasp the various characteristics of the sound, and thus the ability to recognize the sound.In the recognition stage, parents can prepare rich pictures for their children and group them into groups, putting together three-character word pictures, two-character word pictures together, and one-word word pictures together.Difficulty is relatively simple for those with more words, and more difficult for those with fewer words.Parents can show them in pairs according to the order from easy to difficult to guide the children to complete the listening instructions.If during the training, parents find that their children are not clear about the distinction between two sounds, parents can make their own PPT, show them in the form of phoneme pairs, and guide the children to practice distinguishing the differences between the two.For example: b is always confused with p, so you can make cards: eight/pa, bag/throw, etc. (the initials are different, and the tones and vowels are the same).I believe that after repeated practice, the child’s ability to recognize sounds will be improved. (If you can’t hear individual sounds, try tuning.)
Investigate and improve the patient’s ability to combine sound and meaning, so that children can truly understand the meaning of sound.
After the first three stages of learning, children gradually become clear about the vague voice. Parents’ early accumulation has achieved initial results. Children know more and more things, and they have been able to achieve a combination of sound, form and meaning.At this time, parents should help children learn to recognize a large number of phrases, such as: adding adjectives, quantifiers, localization words, etc. before the learned words, which can help children store a large amount of language vocabulary.In addition to listening to phrases, parents can insist on telling stories to their children every day, guiding them to understand the content of the story, and gradually retelling the sentences and even the content of the story, while being able to answer questions about the story.On this basis, children can understand more sounds, and the language is gradually enriched.