Normal tympanic membrane Suppurative otitis media tympanic membrane
made in ChinaHearing aidAccording to experts, acute suppurative otitis media is an acute suppurative inflammation of the mucosa of the middle ear caused by bacterial infection.Clinically, it is characterized by earache, pus in the ear, tympanic membrane congestion, and perforation.If the treatment is timely and appropriate, the drainage of secretions is smooth, the perforation of the tympanic membrane can heal by itself after the inflammation subsides, and most of the hearing can return to normal.Improper treatment or severe illness may leave tympanic membrane perforation, middle ear adhesions, tympanic sclerosis or change into chronic suppurative otitis media, and even cause various complications.
Causes of otitis media:
After catching a cold, the inflammation of the pharynx and nose spreads to the Eustachian tube, and the pharyngeal mouth of the Eustachian tube and the mucosa of the lumen appear congestion
, Swelling, disorder of cilia movement, causing otitis media.
The nasal mucus contains a lot of viruses and bacteria. If both nostrils are pinched and blow the nose forcefully, the pressure will force the nasal mucus to squeeze out to the eustachian tube and cause otitis media.
When swimming, the water enters the mouth of the pharynx and enters the middle ear through the nasopharynx, causing otitis media.
The Eustachian tube of infants and young children is relatively straight, with a short lumen and a wide inner diameter. Milk can choke into the middle ear through the Eustachian tube and cause otitis media.
When flying or diving, the air pressure outside the body changes.If the pressure change in the middle ear cannot be relieved in time by swallowing saliva, pinching the nose, etc., it may induce otitis media.
Inappropriate use of sharp objects (such as ear picks) to pick ears.Sometimes it causes deep trauma to the tympanic membrane and ear canal,
Even perforation of the tympanic membrane may lead to inflammation of the middle ear.
Symptoms of otitis media
1. Systemic symptoms
According to Chinese hearing aid experts, before the perforation of the tympanic membrane, the systemic symptoms are obvious, including chills, fever, fatigue, loss of appetite, etc. The systemic symptoms in children are usually more serious than adults, and may have high fever, convulsions, and often accompanied by vomiting, diarrhea and other digestive symptoms. After the tympanic membrane perforated, the body temperature gradually decreased, and the systemic symptoms were significantly reduced.
It is an early symptom of this disease.The patient feels dull pain or throbbing pain in the deep part of the ear. The pain can radiate to the ipsilateral frontal, temporal, top, teeth or the entire half of the head via the trigeminal nerve. Earaches aggravate when swallowing, coughing, or sneezing, and those with severe earaches at night Insomnia, irritability.Infants and young children cried endlessly.Once the tympanic membrane has spontaneous perforation or after a tympanostomy, the pus is vented outwards and the pain is suddenly reduced.
3. Tinnitus and hearing loss
The affected ear may have pulsatile tinnitus and hearing loss gradually.
4. Ear leakage
After tympanic membrane perforation, there is fluid outflow from the ear, which is serous and bloody at first, and then becomes mucopurulent or even purulent.If the amount of secretion is very large, it indicates that the secretion is not only from the tympanum, but also from the tympanic sinus and mastoid.
How to prevent
1. Chinese manufactured hearing aids remind you to pay special attention to ear hygiene in your life. If the above situation occurs, you must go to a regular hospital for examination and treatment in time.
Actively treat upper respiratory tract infections, such as rhinitis
, Tonsillitis, pharyngitis, pay attention to the correct method of blowing the nose during upper respiratory infection.
During the period of otitis media, avoid eating spicy and stimulating food, and avoid tobacco and alcohol.
Do not feed your baby lying down.Pick up the baby when breastfeeding, and pat the back after breastfeeding.
When flying or diving, if you feel pressure changes in your ears or earaches, you should relieve them by swallowing saliva or chewing gum.If it doesn’t work, try to pinch your nose and inflate.
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