How to prevent otitis media during swimming?

When swimming, the epithelial layer of the external auditory canal is soaked in water, softening and swelling will occur, the stratum corneum is destroyed, and the anti-infection ability is significantly weakened.At this time, if the skin of the external auditory canal is damaged, common pathogens such as Staphylococcus aureus, hemolytic streptococcus, fungus, etc. will easily invade, causing otitis externa.Therefore, it is necessary to prevent otitis media while swimming.

How to prevent otitis media during swimming?

Swimming is a good sport, but if it is not mastered, it may also cause otitis media.When swimming, you must master the basic methods of breathing in with your mouth and exhaling with your nose.When diving, it’s best to hold your breath or make an exhalation action; during snorkeling, you can’t inhale or swallow, because the pressure in the pharynx decreases during swallowing, and water can also be sucked into the nasopharynx.A small part of otitis media is caused by trauma while swimming.The reason is that the pressure of the external auditory canal suddenly increases, causing the eardrum to crack and infection.Be waterproof and wear professional swimming earplugs for protection.

4. Master the correct swimming method.Swimming is a good sport, but if it is not mastered, it may also cause otitis media.When swimming, you must master the basic methods of breathing in with your mouth and exhaling with your nose.When diving, it’s best to hold your breath or make an exhalation action; during snorkeling, you can’t inhale or swallow, because the pressure in the pharynx decreases during swallowing, and water can also be sucked into the nasopharynx.A small part of otitis media is caused by trauma while swimming.The reason is that the pressure of the external auditory canal suddenly increases, causing the eardrum to crack and infection.

5. Care before and after swimming: Clean the external ear before swimming, and clean the cerumen of the external auditory canal in time to avoid the pain and inflammation caused by the swelling of the cerumen.Keep your ears dry after swimming. You can tilt your head and pull your ears and jump on one foot after landing.Once a child has tinnitus, earache, fever, hearing loss and other symptoms after swimming, he should go to the hospital for examination and treatment in time.Suffering from otitis media, in addition to active treatment and the above-mentioned preventive measures (which are beneficial to the recovery of the disease), it is also necessary to eliminate the obstruction of the Eustachian tube and prevent the tympanic membrane.The method is that the patient often swallows, keeps the Eustachian tube unobstructed, balances the pressure in the ear chamber with the pressure in the outer ear, and avoids tympanic membrane invagination.Once water enters the nasal cavity, the correct way to blow your nose and drain is to press your fingers tightly on one nostril, and slowly blow out the liquid from the other nostril. Repeat 3-4 times from left to right. Be careful not to use excessive force to avoid otitis media and sinusitis.

Note: If you accidentally get water into your nose while swimming, you can use your fingers to press on one nostril, and then blow out the contents of one side of the refrigerator, and then use this method to hold the other side into the other nose The stuff blows out.This can prevent foreign objects from entering the middle ear due to incorrect methods.

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