Teacher Amy said: I always tell children and parents this way: Hearing aids are the baby’s small ears. The baby needs to use this small ear to listen to sounds, learn to speak, and listen carefully to all sounds.Babies should take good care of their little ears, use them well, and take good care of them like their eyes.
Zhenzhen’s mother said: I told my son that hearing aids are your ears. You need to protect them. Without hearing aids, you can’t hear your mother and children. Now my son, if I touch his hearing aids, he sometimes talks about me. .
Childhood is a critical period for speech development. If hearing impairment is not detected in time and effective interventions are taken, the milder will lead to speech development and behavioral problems; the more severe will lead to severe speech development disorders, and even affect children’s emotional, psychological and social interactions. Ability development puts a heavy burden on the family and society.
Recommendation 48: Hearing screening has passed the three stages, but the first screening is not anxious. Babies born in regular hospitals in my country must undergo neonatal hearing screening.The initial screening is 42 hours after birth, and the second screening is 40 days after birth.The screening process is simple, and the baby is asleep while operating without any shock or pain. It is the most effective method for early detection of hearing loss.Failure to pass the hearing screening does not mean that the child will be deaf.Many children who fail the initial screening may pass the second screening.If the re-screening fails, a hearing diagnosis is required.A full set of hearing diagnosis, including acoustic immittance, distortion product otoacoustic emissions, multi-frequency steady-state evoked potentials, auditory brainstem evoked potentials, and XNUMXHz related potential inspections, etc.To do these relatively complicated examinations, sometimes it is necessary to give the child a certain sedative to allow the child to cooperate with the examination while in a deep sleep state, so as to avoid some interfering factors leading to inaccurate examination results.However, it is very safe whether it is the initial screening, re-screening or subsequent audiological diagnostic examinations.
Recommendation XNUMX: Congenital deafness can be prevented. The pre-marital examination should pay attention to congenital deafness. Most of the congenital deafness is caused by genetic factors. It is recommended that the majority of young friends must have a pre-marital physical examination. Yes, it is recommended to draw a little blood for the screening of deafness genes.In addition, if you have a viral cold, rubella, or high fever during pregnancy, you must go to the obstetrics or genetic physiology department for consultation in time.
Recommendation XNUMX: Care for the newborn baby in detail to prevent acute otitis media. A normal baby has a relatively sound sense of hearing after one month of birth. It is not advisable to accept louder sound stimulation at this stage. When bathing and washing hair, pay special attention to not letting sewage enter the ears. Road to prevent the occurrence of external ear and otitis media.Among the causes of hearing loss in the later stage, acute otitis media is the most common. This is because the baby’s Eustachian tube is shorter, flat and wider than adults, and the pharynx position is lower. Nasopharyngeal secretions and pathogenic microorganisms are easy to pass through. Invasion of the middle ear; poor immune function in children, easy to be infected with various infectious diseases; the immune function of the middle ear in children is immature, and the local defense ability is not strong.When breastfeeding, the breast milk is too sufficient and the pressure is too high. The baby’s head is slightly lowered, and the emulsion easily enters the middle ear through the Eustachian tube, which may cause acute otitis media and even acute suppurative otitis media and affect hearing. Therefore, correct breastfeeding and water feeding postures should be taken. Pick up the baby in a semi-recumbent position.
Recommendation XNUMX: Pay attention to another type of non-suppurative otitis media-secretory otitis media, which is also a common disease that affects hearing.It is characterized by the accumulation of fluid in the middle ear cavity.Some children with this disease appear suddenly after catching a cold, and some happen unknowingly, often with ear fullness and hearing loss as the main manifestations. A few children report mild earaches, and most children appear to be obedient and misleading. Inability to listen or concentrate, turn on the TV volume too loudly, and decline in academic performance. Because of the atypical clinical symptoms, it is easy to be ignored by parents, resulting in varying degrees of hearing loss in children or accompanying lifelong.
Recommendation XNUMX: Hypertrophy of tonsils and adenoids can be removed depending on the situation. Because the middle ear is often threatened by the “neighbors”, such as diseases of the nose and pharynx, including sinusitis, tonsillitis, adenoid hypertrophy, etc., Therefore, in order to protect the health of the middle ear, such diseases must be actively treated.Therefore, after removing the hypertrophic and recurrent tonsils or adenoids, not only the chance of catching a cold is less, but the original recurrent otitis media is also healed.
Recommendation XNUMX: Blacklist ototoxic drugs, consult carefully before medication. For the ears, many drugs are highly toxic, long-term or one-time large-scale use, or children who are highly sensitive to this drug, can cause hearing impairment.The most common ototoxic drugs are streptomycin, gentamicin, kanamycin, etc. These drugs mainly cause auditory nerve damage.Because children cannot correctly reflect the early symptoms of poisoning when using these antibiotics, it is easy to be misdiagnosed or missed.
After a hearing-impaired child wears a hearing aid, in order to ensure that the hearing aid can work effectively and the child has a good listening effect, it is necessary for the doctor and the parent to work together.
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