Common colds during pregnancy, such as mild symptoms, only running water, nasal congestion, sneezing, etc., have little effect on the fetus. The doctor will advise pregnant women not to take the medicine in a hurry, because medication during pregnancy is not absolutely safe for the fetus, including some proprietary Chinese medicines. .If possible, avoid any medications during the first trimester of pregnancy.Pregnant women can drink more boiled water (6-8 cups a day) and fruit juice drinks to increase the content of vitamin C to dilute the concentration of bacteria and viruses; , Put the nose into the inner mouth of the teacup, and keep inhaling hot steam several times a day, the effect is also good, and it will be better if you rest for a few days.Such as medication should be taken as appropriate under the guidance of a doctor.
Severe colds must be treated with medicine. For colds with bacterial infections, antibiotics should be used for treatment. However, during pregnancy, some antibiotics can damage the embryo. For example, taking too much streptomycin in the third trimester of pregnancy can cause hearing impairment in newborns; If a large amount of chloramphenicol is taken, it will cause the “grey baby syndrome” characterized by respiratory insufficiency, cyanosis, and abdominal distension in the newborn. Chloramphenicol can cause the inhibition of neonatal hematopoietic function; pregnant women use sulfa drugs, which can be It accumulates in the fetus and promotes the release of bilirubin, resulting in nuclear jaundice.Penicillins, cephalosporins, etc. can be used as antibiotics during pregnancy.Penicillin is the antibiotic of choice for pregnant women. Except for a small number of people who have allergic reactions, pregnant women at all stages of pregnancy can use it with confidence, and it is safe for both mothers and fetuses.Expectorants and cough suppressants are generally safer, but cough suppressants containing iodine preparations should not be used by pregnant women. Long-term use may cause fetal goiter.
If you have a cold or high fever, you can wipe your forehead with warm water, use a wet towel, or wipe your neck and both sides of the armpits with 30%-35% alcohol to cool down by physical heat dissipation. You can also use Bupleurum injection to reduce the fever.
What effect does a cold have on the fetus?
In the early pregnancy, because the various organs of the fetus have not yet been fully developed, after a pregnant woman catches a cold, bacteria and viruses can pass through the placenta and affect the development of the fetus’s organs, resulting in fetal congenital heart disease, hare lips, hydrocephalus, no brain and small Serious consequences such as head deformity.
In the third trimester, although the fetus is basically fully developed at this time, the chance of colds causing malformations or birth defects to the fetus is reduced, but the toxins produced by the high fever and metabolic disorders caused by the cold will stimulate the contraction of the uterus of the pregnant woman, which is likely to cause premature birth. Will increase the mortality rate of newborns.
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