Hearing protection: “focus on key points” according to age

For many people, vision problems can often cause immediate attention, but hearing problems are not necessarily.Take hearing loss as an example. We once met a 20-year-old teenager in the outpatient clinic, but he had 80-year-old hearing. This shows how severe the hearing loss is.The reason for all this is always the hearing damage caused by using headphones at high volume.

As the general hearing loss and damage occur gradually, they often fail to arouse people’s vigilance in the first place.

Many people have experienced tinnitus, but many people’s tinnitus is transient and disappears very quickly. At this time, people often don’t take it seriously.Only if the tinnitus continues to make people upset, people will go to the doctor.In fact, even transient tinnitus needs attention.Because tinnitus is actually an abnormal sound sensation produced by people without any external stimuli, it is often a precursor to hearing loss, caused by auditory function disorders.If it is caused by ear lesions, it often coexists with hearing loss or vertigo; if it is caused by other factors, it may not be accompanied by hearing loss or vertigo.Early and mid-term tinnitus patients should avoid premature use of tonic drugs and eat more black foods, such as blood glutinous rice, black sesame seeds, black corn, black fungus, and so on.

To prevent hearing impairment, people of different ages must “focus on the key points” according to their age.

Newborn:The incidence of hearing impairment in newborns is about 1%-3%. , Normal children generally have the phenomenon of babbling at 4-6 months. This is an important stage of language enlightenment, so early detection and early intervention are extremely important.Active treatment, use of residual hearing, early training, better maintenance and development of functions, and reduce the burden on family and society.

Toddlers:Special attention should be paid to ototoxic drugs when using drugs. They include, for example, aminoglycoside drugs-streptomycin, gentamicin, kanamycin; erythromycin, chloramphenicol; rifampicin, serotonin, There are more than 60 drugs such as aspirin, indomethacin, metronidazole, propranolol, phenobarbital, amiodarone, etc.; therefore, children must avoid casual use of antibiotics and other ototoxic drugs, and pay attention to the dosage and course of treatment. Once the drug is foundHearing loss, It is necessary to stop the drug in time and carry out treatment in time to minimize the harm.

teenager:Be careful to stay away from noisy environments, especially earphones.Studies have reported that listening to headphones does not exceed 20 minutes and the volume does not exceed 60 decibels, which has little impact on hearing.

Young and middle-aged:You should pay attention to your own life and work and study habits and rhythms, pay attention to the combination of work and rest, adhere to physical exercises, arrange your time reasonably, avoid overwork, and seek medical attention immediately if the corresponding symptoms appear.

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