Causes: There are mainly the following categories: brain diseases such as brain tumors, inflammation, degeneration, brain atrophy, stroke, arteriosclerosis, and insufficient blood supply to the brain; systemic diseases such as hypertension, hypotension, anemia, kidney disease, toxemia, Leukemia, hyperthyroidism, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, etc.; ear diseases: tinnitus and other symptoms are often present, but it is ringing in the ears rather than the brain. Anxiety is related. These patients may also suffer from poor sleep, emotional instability, lack of concentration, lack of physical strength, palpitation, shortness of breath, brain blankness, physical pain, and dizziness due to long-term tension, anxiety, and work pressure. There are many subjective symptoms such as headache, headache, but objective examination often fails to find organic disease.In the past, it was diagnosed as “neurosis”, “neurasthenia”, “autonomic dysfunction”, etc. Now, after clinical psychological evaluation, most patients have anxiety, depression or obsessive-compulsive disorder; other reasons such as the use of certain drugs are also Can cause brain ringing.
Causes: violent shocks and prolonged noise exposure can cause hearing loss and tinnitus. For high-risk groups (working in a high-intensity noise environment), attention should be paid to noise protection.Such as reducing noise sources or wearing protective earmuffs, earplugs, etc.In addition, be careful not to use the Walkman headset in a noisy environment for a long time and at high volume.It is easy to aggravate tinnitus when being in a state of high mental stress for a long time and in a state of physical fatigue.Some tinnitus patients are caused by drugs.In addition, caffeine and alcohol often aggravate tinnitus symptoms: smoking can reduce blood oxygen, and inner ear hair cells are extremely sensitive to oxygen, so hypoxia can cause damage to hair cells, so pay attention to changing bad habits .
My personal opinion is that it is not suitable to distinguish tinnitus from encephalopathy or cranionitus in clinical practice, but in fact it cannot be distinguished, it is just the main complaint of the patient.Moreover, the current treatment of tinnitus is aimed at the abnormal discharge of the brain. There are currently various methods such as sound stimulation, electrical stimulation, afferent nerve stimulation, magnetic stimulation, etc.The current method has been able to improve the symptoms of tinnitus very well, but it is not based on distinguishing tinnitus from encephalopathy or cranionitus. Therefore, finding a reasonable cause of tinnitus and carrying out targeted treatment is the current focus.