When it comes to the complications of type 1 diabetes, patients generally think of diabetic nephropathy, diabetic foot, diabetic retinopathy, etc., but they did not expect that diabetes can also cause hearing loss in patients.The latest research shows that nerve and blood vessel abnormalities caused by type 1 diabetes may cause hearing loss in middle age.The researchers suggested that hearing examinations should also be included in the annual physical examination of diabetic patients.
At present, many studies at home and abroad have shown that type 1 diabetes has damage to hearing. This is a consensus reached by the medical community, but the reason for this result is not very clear.
Researchers at the American Adult Medical Center conducted hearing tests on 694 volunteers between the ages of 25 and 85.In the oldest group of volunteers, the hearing of diabetic and non-diabetic patients is comparable.However, when the researchers divided the volunteers into different age groups for testing, the hearing of diabetic patients under the age of 60 was significantly weaker than that of normal people.
Researchers cannot now confirm the cause of type 1 diabetes
The exact cause of hearing loss in the middle age of the patient.However, they suspected that the capillaries in the ears of patients with type 1 diabetes or the nerves connecting the ears and the brain were atrophy, which caused this result, and nerve and vascular diseases are one of the common complications of diabetes.
In addition, a research report pointed out that untreated type 1 diabetic patients are 50% more likely to develop dementia, poor memory and language barriers after entering old age.The author of the report believes that patients’ lack of drug control and irregular blood sugar fluctuations damage their brains, which may be the root cause of the above symptoms.This study also shows that patients who are treated as prescribed by doctors may reduce the chance of these problems to a level comparable to that of normal people.
The researchers said: “We often find hearing loss in diabetic patients. Research has found that this hearing loss is not caused by exposure to noise, certain drugs, and smoking.”
Researchers completed volunteer hearing tests and questionnaires on type 1999 diabetes from 2004 to 1. The results showed that the proportion of hearing loss among patients with type 1 diabetes was much higher than that of ordinary people.
Cause: The increase in blood sugar level may cause damage to the nerves and small blood vessels of the inner ear, which may cause hearing loss.