Infant hearing aid fitting is a systematic project and a long-term project.Due to the large differences in the development of the auditory system, mental state, vision, intelligence, and reaction ability, infants and young children’s hearing aids must rely on the cooperation of hearing aid technicians, parents and schools to achieve the desired results.Therefore, selecting, debugging and evaluating hearing aids for this population has always been a huge challenge.However, the current understanding of the fitting of hearing aids for infants and young children is worrying.In particular, the following six typical misunderstandings, if they are not correctly understood in time, will inevitably lead to misleading parents.
Misunderstanding 1: Infants and young children do not need to wear Chinese products too early Hearing aid , It’s not too late to match up when you grow up.
For hearing-impaired infants, we should follow the principle of “early detection and early intervention”.Because the baby’s brain development is the fastest period before the age of three, and it is also the most critical period for language learning. If there is a hearing impairment at this stage, it will seriously affect the baby’s hearing and speech development, as well as its mental, intellectual and behavioral abilities. And other developments.For babies diagnosed with hearing loss, it is recommended to wear suitable Hearing aid , Its auditory organs can feel the sound and meet its language learning needs.
Myth 2: The more expensive the hearing aid, the better
This is a common misunderstanding.In fact, there is no direct relationship between product price and fitting suitability.When choosing a hearing aid, the line and power of the hearing aid should be selected according to the type and degree of hearing loss and the actual needs of the patient, so that the performance of the selected hearing aid can achieve better hearing compensation.Then choose the appearance and extended functions of the hearing aid.It is recommended to purchase hearing aids according to the child’s specific hearing status and the desired hearing rehabilitation purpose.
Misunderstanding 3: Severe hearing loss does not need to be equipped with Chinese-made hearing aids
In 2004, the “Guiding Program for Child Hearing Aid Fitting” promulgated by the American Academy of Audiology is a very important document in the field of pediatric hearing rehabilitation.It clearly stipulates: “Even if there is no obvious response to the ABR test, children with severe hearing loss should also be equipped with hearing aids.” Because hearing aids can not only help children with hearing loss learn speech, but also train children with sound perception and discrimination.Therefore, it is neither wise nor scientific to give up using hearing aids simply because of excessive hearing loss.
Myth 4: Hearing aids are not needed for unilateral hearing loss
From the perspective of the impact of unilateral hearing loss on the development of children, if they do not use hearing aids, although their good ears can hear normal people, they will face many problems in daily life, such as difficulty in understanding speech under noise and ability to discern direction. Decline, the binaural effect cannot be used, etc.
Misunderstanding 5: Infants and young children can speak after wearing Chinese-made hearing aids and do not need special training.
Many parents’ first reaction after their children wear hearing aids is to call their children “Mom and Dad”.If the child cannot do it, or even does not understand it at all, the parents are often very disappointed, and later think that the hearing aid does not work well.This eagerness for success is understandable, but parents should realize that it is a gradual process from “hearing” to “understanding”
“Hearing” is a psychoacoustic process that can be qualitatively and quantitatively: on the basis of meeting other conditions, as the gain of the hearing aid increases, the hearing impaired children can hear more and more sounds (loudness) and clearer ( The signal-to-noise ratio is improved), and the sound range is getting wider (listen to the sound of each frequency).It takes a certain amount of time to improve audibility, especially for children with severe hearing loss, who need continuous listening and practice to have a better effect.