Presbycusis refers to the phenomenon of hearing loss gradually with age. It usually manifests as bilateral slow and progressive symmetrical hearing loss, mainly high-frequency hearing loss, which mostly occurs over 60 years of age.Because hearing loss is a slow and progressive increase, it is often not noticed at first.With the decline of high-frequency hearing, it has an impact on the language discrimination ability. Therefore, although the hearing of many presbycusis patients is basically normal, they cannot understand the content of the speech. They often need to be repeated by others, and the speaker needs to raise the voice to talk with them.And in a noisy environment, the ability to understand language is even worse.Some patients with presbycusis can be accompanied by tinnitus.
Simply put, if the elderly often say “inaudible, speak louder” when speaking with others, yell out of their voices, answer unreasonable questions, or say that the TV sound is too low to hear, etc., be alert to the occurrence of presbycusis , Go to a regular hospital for diagnosis and treatment as soon as possible.
Misunderstandings of presbycusis, wearing hearing aids casually may affect hearing
Treatment of senile deafness
Presbycusis is a natural phenomenon of human aging.At present, no effective method has been found to reverse this phenomenon. Only early detection and some treatments can be used to improve part of the patient’s hearing or slow down the progress of deafness.
Drug therapy: including vasodilation, improvement of inner ear microcirculation, neurotrophic and protection, drugs with soothing and nourishing heart effects, and proprietary Chinese medicines with functions such as promoting blood circulation, removing blood stasis, and invigorating qi.
Hearing aid selection: For most patients with presbycusis, the hearing loss is found to be moderate hearing loss. When the effect of medical treatment is not good, it is necessary to wear a hearing aid to help improve hearing.But many patients are unwilling to accept wearing Hearing aid , I think that wearing a hearing aid is a disabled person, and I also think that the more hearing aids are worn, the more obvious the hearing loss will be. In fact, this is a misunderstanding of hearing aids.
Hearing aids, like crutches and glasses, are tools to help people work and live more conveniently.Wearing a hearing aid has many advantages. You can hear clearly, can solve communication problems with others, can protect your hearing and assist in the treatment of tinnitus.
Choose to wear a suitable Hearing aid , Not only can improve communication and improve the quality of life, but also delay the progression of deafness, and even indirectly delay the deterioration of brain function.
However, it should be noted that a hearing aid is a sound amplification device used to help people who have difficulty communicating due to hearing loss. The condition for using a hearing aid is that the patient must have residual hearing.
Patients should consider their age, the cause of deafness, the environment in which they are used and economic conditions, and choose a hearing aid that suits them.If you have hearing problems in both ears, you must wear hearing aids in both ears.
Just like optometry before wearing glasses, hearing aids must be checked before wearing hearing aids, and the hearing aids must be selected according to the results of the hearing test to be accurate.
In addition, when choosing a hearing aid, you must go to a formal organization. Don’t just buy one and wear it. Otherwise, the hearing aid will not only not compensate for your hearing, but it will damage your original hearing.After wearing a hearing aid, wear it every day, communicate more with others, talk more and listen more.
Just as we have to adapt to glasses and dentures, there is also an adaptation process for hearing aids.When you just wear a hearing aid, you must first listen to some simple sounds in a quiet environment, such as the ticking of a clock, the sound of running water from a tap, etc.; after a period of time, practice listening to your own voice and gradually transition to listening to several people together. When talking, listen to the sound of radio and television; finally, you can go to public places with complex environments.
Without this adaptation process, you would go to a noisy environment from the beginning, and a large number of amplified complex sounds entering your ears will feel very harsh, and you will easily lose your trust in hearing aids and your confidence in wearing them.
Cochlear implant: It is of great help to improve the lives of patients with severe or very severe sensorineural hearing loss (average hearing threshold greater than 80dBHL), who rely on hearing aids for normal auditory and speech communication.In the United States, Australia, Switzerland and other countries, the main population of cochlear implants is the elderly deaf patients.
Four ways to delay the back of the ears
There are many reasons for presbycusis. In addition to genetic factors, it is also related to diseases such as hypertension, arteriosclerosis, diabetes, excessive smoking and drinking in life, and poor eating habits.In addition, long-term exposure to noise and the use of some ototoxic drugs are also prone to deafness.
The elderly can delay the arrival of the ears by insisting on the following four points in their lives:
Exercise in a quiet environment, keep your mood relaxed and happy.Choose a quiet environment for exercise, such as jogging, walking, Tai Chi, etc. in the park or the suburbs, which can improve blood supply to the inner ear by promoting blood circulation throughout the body.
Read more, talk more.Persisting in reading newspapers every day can delay the degeneration of the language center.Talking with people around you can also exercise your hearing.
balanced diet.Eat more foods rich in zinc, iron, calcium, etc., such as shrimp skins, dried fish and other seafood, which will help dilate capillaries and improve blood supply to the inner ear. You should also eat more fruits and vegetables, especially carrots, and timely supplement vitamin A, D, E, can effectively prevent hearing loss.
Earnestly take care of your ears.Don’t dig your ears casually, don’t use earplugs to listen to music for a long time (not more than 30 minutes each time), wear earplugs for swimming, and swallow when taking off and landing in a plane to protect the Eustachian tube function.