The main objective of this study was to investigate the effects of task execution variables on the value and point of application of the resultant vertical ground reaction force acting on the foot sole during squat lifting. This can be of particular importance since it may help to recognize the roles of the foot sole parts in bearing the support force during industrial and labor lifting activities. Twelve healthy men lifted a box with 4, 8 and 12 kg masses at fast and slow speeds. Ground reaction force and center of pressure were measured using two parallel Kistler force-plates. In addition, a Vicon system and a 3D linked segment model were used to define the movement pattern. Significant increases resulted for the peak vertical ground reaction force with the increases in the lift speed (P < 0.05) and box weight (P < 0.05). As well a significant increase resulted for the range of center of pressure location with the increase in the box weight (P < 0.05). Moreover, significant interactions (P < 0.05) between the lift speed and box weight were detected. The front and rear parts of the foot had the most important roles in bearing the support force during the beginning and final phases of movement, respectively. Finally, it was concluded that the value and point of application of vertical ground reaction force are seemingly dependent on the momentum of the subject plus box.
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